May 20, 2024

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Educational Crises: There Was A Federal Government College

Ik Muo, PhD.

The other day, Casmir Igbokwe x-rayed our ‘Unity’ schools admission policies and processes, with special focus on the obnoxious, inequitable and iniquitous cut-off marks and described it accurately as  ‘Nigeria’s symbol of double standard’! He posted it on the Anambra Alliance platform and as we dissected the issue, I quipped that ‘I weep for Nigeria and I weep  for the Federal Government College

( FGC)System’. I gave a little account of my experience on the matter and ended it there. Today however, I have gone into my native doctors skin-bag, which is always filled with all sorts, and exhumed a detailed account of my FGC experience, which I penned  9 years ago(BusinessDay,25/6/13) and I am reproducing here. As you read on, you will surely note that things are rather getting worse as some Nigerian children are sinfully discriminated against- and with IMPUNITY- in their quest to attend the so-called UNITY (????) schools. Where is the Unity? Where is the justice?

I attended Federal Government College Enugu for my HSC in 1975/77 and this was how I got my admission. About 5 forms were received from the State Ministry of Education, which the Principal of Awka Etiti High School distributed to his best 5 students. I was the only arts students while the rest, including Ralph Anumba were in the sciences. After the entrance examinations, we went for an interview that lasted three days, from Friday to Sunday and which held at the temporary site at Upper Chime Avenue, New Haven, Enugu. Eventually, I gained admission into the school. FGC was spectacularly and positively different from AwkaEtiti High School in ALL dimensions. By the time I got there, FGCE had 7 vehicles but we had none at Awka Etiti which still evidenced. the ravages of the Biafran war of independence, including a disused ‘refinery’ located around our football field. I did not know anybody and my parents did not need to see any minister, director, Governor or Senator for a note. Indeed, my parents only came to the school once in 1977( a few weeks to my graduation), when they were seeing my elder brother( Now Prof. MC Muo) off to USA. I was the pioneer Library Prefect and one of my deputies was Obioma Eziashi (now Mrs Imoke), who was then in the same class with Liyel. I did not say that they were up to anything then! The school had students from all parts of the country and from all social strata of the society.  

The former Kaduna State Governor, Ahmed Makrafi as well as the former Secretary to the Government of Anambra State, Chidi Ezeoke (now with the National Population Commission) were also there. Somebody said that El-Rufai was there. I cannot recollect but then, he would have been so ‘pinchomic’ that it would be very difficult to notice him.  There were many students from the north and I believed that they knew what schooling was all about. But even then, it was obvious that they were ‘government pickins’. I had punished one boy for not putting on his sandals and his only excuse was that his government had not sent money to repair his sandal.  I reported the matter to the principal and to my amazement, he asked me to leave the boy alone because the state had not actually sent his pocket-money! I did not find it funny that while my parents provided EVERYTHING I needed, somebody waited for the State Government to repair his sandals! Anyway, I had three A level papers (literature, history and economics), won six prizes on the prize giving day, came out as the best graduating student in my set and gained admission into 5 Nigerian Universities. I chose the first to send me their admission letter and that was how I ended up at UI in 1977. Go and verify.

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Many years later, I became a father and decided that my child should attend the FGC like I did. My daughter took the common entrance, with Queens College Lagos as her choice. She passed the entrance exam quite alright, but that was where the problem started. We would go to the school on Monday and be asked to return on Tuesday; we would go in the morning and would be asked to return in the evening until my daughter spent one whole term at home and there was no admission! Most frustrating was that nobody could tell me what the exact issue was! People were bandying notes from this and that VIP as well as some cash and were getting admitted! Anyway, I sent her to one of the best schools in Nigeria (Louisville  Girls Secondary School, Ijebu-Itelle) where she already had admission and where the principal ( Reverend Sister Otiko) still took her in the second term because of her performance in the entrance examination/interview and my pledge to withdraw if she did not meet the up academically.

Meanwhile, an acquaintance of mine, a streetwise business man had advised me to provide N40,000 and my daughter would be admitted into FGC Shagamu though she would be admitted as  northerner. I blatantly refused. I was confident in my daughter’s ability; paying that kind of money was not in my character( I had been OBIdient all along) and most important, I did not see how I could pass off my own daughter as somebody from Kaduna or Kano just to gain a FGC admission. As for my friend in question, all his children attended FGCs. After that, I swore (even though I do not usually swear) that  none of my children would ever take FGC entrance exams again. That was how we started patronizing private schools. The three boys went to CKCC, Odolewu Ijebu-Ode.

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I recalled all this when I read Segun Adeniyi’s lamentations about the laughable 2013 cut-off marks for our FGCs (ThisDay,13/6/13). On the one hand, candidates from Anambra State must score 139 out of 200 before being admitted. Others are Imo, 138; Enugu, 134; Lagos, 133; Ogun, 131; and Abia, 130. On the other hand, a boy from Yobe needed to score only 2 out of 200 before being admitted while his sister needs 7. Others in that cluster include Zamfara,4 for boys and  2 for girls; Kebbi, 9 & 20, Taraba, 3 & 11, and Sokoto, 9 & 13. In-between are candidates from Bauchi, Bayelsa, Borno, Gombe, Jigawa, Kano, Kastina and Nassarawa states who would be admitted even though they failed (scored less than 80-40%- which is a very weak pass)

What has happened is that hard work is punished while indolence is rewarded and pupils from Anambra for instance are being punished for the efforts of their parents in encouraging them to go to school. Furthermore, boys from Yobe live in Anambra, Lagos or Abuja and attend the same school with Emeka or Kunle. So, how do you explain this one-Nigeria policy to the unlucky boy from Anambra, Imo or Lagos? Why should my younger ones from Anambra state be particularly disenfranchised? Why was no affirmative action extended to the boys from the Southeast who have all turned their backs on the classrooms in favour of trading? Why won’t the Northern states encourage their parents and children to take schooling serious if they really wanted to go to school? I doubt if a person who scores 2 out of 200 can write his name and so, will he be in the same class with the fellow who scored 139, taught  by the same teachers, write the same WAEC, NECO, JAMB or will there always be cut-off? Is this politics or education and how can we develop as one nation with asinine policies like this? Segun Adeniyi declares that this sort of absurdity in which a mark or two secures admission for a boy from Yobe while his counterpart from Anambra would need  a score of 139 to gain admission into the same school can only feed negative stereotypes, breed ill-feeling, fuel misdirected anger and help to further divide the country.

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In September 1975, I gained admission into FGCE purely on merit. By the time my daughter wanted to enter the same system around 2001, knowing somebody, paying some money and other forms of ‘lobbying’ had become key determinants. In 2013, those who scored 1% (2/200) are being admitted into the system. These are evidences of progressive retrogression in our educational system. And I ask: is it the same FGC that I attended that the fellow who scored 1% will attend? Indeed, there was a Federal Government College…!

Meanwhile, we have to draw a line somewhere in this sordid policy of appeasement be it in politics, economy, appointments and promotions and now education. The North or those who have challenges should be encouraged, not appeased and for those involved to be encouraged, they have to be willing and ready to take the first steps. After all, as our people say, the person pressed should always lead the way when others are escorting him to defecate in the bush at night! We have introduced nomadic education; we have started almajiri schools and we may soon establish schools for educationally challenged because there is no way you can effectively teach the person who scored 2/200 (1%)and the person who scored 139/200(70%) in the same class!

Ik Muo, PhD. Department of Business Administration, OOU, Ago-Iwoye. 08033026624